- The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effects of ASV on mortality, CV hospitalizations, new onset atrial fibrillation/flutter requiring anticoagulation but not hospitalization, or delivery of an appropriate shock from an ICD, not resulting in hospitalization. Secondary objectives include the evaluation of ASV on mortality alone, left-ventricular (LV) remodeling, changes in plasma levels of N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), exercise capacity and quality of life.
Study Type and Phase
- Phase 4
- Multi-centre, randomized, parallel-group, open label
- Heart failure patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or central sleep apnea (CSA)
- Patients with American Heart Association Stages B, C, and D heart failure, left-venticular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 45%, on optimal medical therapy for heart failure; OSA or CSA with an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15.
- No Intervention: Standard HF therapy Subjects will receive optimal standard therapy for heart failure conforming to national guidelines as determined by the referring cardiologist
- Active Comparator: Standard therapy for HF + ASV Subjects will receive treatment with ASV in addition to optimal standard therapy for heart failure conforming to national guidelines, as determined by the referring cardiologist
Intervention: Device: ASV
Device: Philips Respironics Adaptive Servo Ventilation BiPAP autoSV ADVANCED device worn nightly during sleep
- Philips Respironics BiPAP autoSV ADVANCED
- Philips Respironics ASV
Primary Outcome Measures
- The time to the composite outcome of death or first CV hospital admission or new onset atrial fibrillation/flutter requiring anti-coagulation but not hospitalization or delivery of an appropriate shock from an ICD not resulting in hospitalization.
- The study is designed to capture 540 primary endpoints.
Secondary Outcome Measures
- Time to death from any cause
- Number of cardiovascular hospitalizations per follow-up
- Number of days alive not hospitalized. The number of days the patient is hospitalized are subtracted from the total number of days in the study from randomization
- Changes in LV function will be assessed by echocardiography at 6 months post randomization
- Changes in plasma NT-proBNP levels will be assessed at baseline and at 6 months post randomization
- Cardiac resynchronization therapy or defibrillator implantations. The average number of days from randomization to the first occurrence of CRT or defibrillator implantation
- Changes in the 6-minute walk distance between baseline and 6 month visit
- Changes in the New York Heart Association classification and American Heart Association Stages of Heart Failure
- Changes in apnea/hypopnea index
- Changes in quality of life Minnesota living with Heart Failure Questionnaire and Epworth Sleepiness Scale